How to do business in Poland
Polish legislation, although harmonised with EU requirements, is complex.
Contact the DIT team in Poland at: www.gov.uk/government/world/organisations/department-for-international-trade-poland#contact-us to help find tax and legal advisers before entering into agreements.
Standards and technical regulations
Products and packaging should meet EU standards. See: www.europa.eu/youreurope/business/product/ce-mark/index_en.htm for more information.
Local product law may vary. The Polish Norms Committee (PKN) is responsible for issuing standards and certification. See: www.pkn.pl/en# for more information.
Labels should be in Polish.
Intellectual property (IP)
Trademarks, designs, patents and copyright are the principal forms of IP protection available to companies and individuals.
IP law, especially for patent protection, is not totally harmonised within the EU.
Poland is a member of the main international conventions protecting intellectual property.
The Polish Patent Office has responsibility for intellectual property. See: www.uprp.pl/strona-glowna/Menu01,9,0,index,pl
More information on IP can be found in the ‘Getting here and advice about your stay’ section of this guide. [provide link]
The Intellectual Property Office (IPO), the official UK government body responsible for intellectual property (IP) rights including patents, designs, trademarks and copyright, can also provide further information and advice. See: www.gov.uk/government/organisations/intellectual-property-office
Tax and customs considerations
Poland has a double taxation agreement with the UK. See: www.gov.uk/government/publications/poland-tax-treaties to download the 26-page document ‘2006 Poland-UK Double Taxation Convention – In Force’. Poland also has an investment promotion and protection (IPPA) treaty with the UK.
Value Added Tax (VAT)
The basic VAT rate is 23%, which is applied to the majority of goods and services.
VAT at 8% is applied to certain goods and services such as fire protection, specific groceries, hotel services, social housing programme modernisation. 5% VAT applies to certain (basic) food products.
Check with HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) regarding VAT refund of business expenses incurred in Poland. See: www.gov.uk/government/publications/vat-notice-723a-refunds-of-vat-in-the-european-community-for-ec-and-non-ec-businesses?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=pageVAT_ShowContent&id=HMCE_PROD1_029943&propertyType=document
Corporate income tax is 19%. Find more information about corporate taxation on the Invest in Poland website: www.paiz.gov.pl/polish_law/taxation/cit
Income tax is in two bands at 18% and 32%. Find more information on income tax on the Invest in Poland website: www.paiz.gov.pl/polish_law/taxation/pit
The internal market of the European Union is a single market which allows the free movement of goods and services. Therefore, no import duties apply, at the moment.
[Source: DIT /BCCK/UKEF/gov.uk]
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